Free Firefighter Exam Sample Questions
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Firefighter Exam Sample Questions

Numerical Reasoning

Numerical reasoning questions have you looking for information in graphs and tables, among others, to look for answers to questions using math and reading ability.

1. If production for the brewery in Ottawa, Canada was expected to increase by 40% in 2006, by how many thousands of liters would its monthly output differ in 2006 compared with the output in 2004?

Brewery Operational Costs (M. Dollars) Marketing & Development (M. Dollars) Monthly Output (Thou. liters) Total Output as % of 2004 Revenues (M. Dollars)
Richmond, CA 3.6 12 12000 120% 25
Malmo, Sweden 0.3 2.2 1200 90% 3
Torino, Italy 2.8 3.5 8000 70% 14
Ottawa, Canada 0.28 8 1000 80% 3
Canberra, Australia 0.3 7 4500 110% 8
1 liter is sold for 1.5 dollars


80 less
The same
150 more
400 more
Cannot say
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is 150 more.

First, determine the expected monthly output of the Canadian brewery in 2006:
Monthly output for 2006 = [monthly output for 2005 x (100 + expected increase in %)] / 100 =
(1,000K x 140) / 100 = 1,400K litres

Next, calculate the monthly output of the Canadian brewery in 2004:
Monthly output for 2004 = monthly output for 2005 / total output as a percentage for 2004 = 1,000K / 80% = 1,250K litres

Finally, calculate the difference between the output in 2006 and in 2004:
Monthly output for 2006 – monthly output for 2004 = 1,400K – 1,250K = 150K litres

Thus, 150 more litres of beer were produced per month in 2006 compared with 2004.


2. A store sells widgets. The number of widgets sold per customer on a particular day is in the table below. According to the table, how many widgets were sold on this day?

Number of widgets purchased

Number of customers









A. 77
B. 87
C. 153
D. 770
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is (C).

According to the table, 37 customers bought 1 widget each for a total of 37 × 1 = 37 widgets.

13 customers bought 2 widgets each for a total of 13 × 2 = 26 widgets.

18 customers bought 3 widgets each for a total of 18 × 3 = 54 widgets.

9 customers bought 4 widgets each for a total of 9 × 4 = 36 widgets.

The total number of widgets sold was:

37 + 26 + 54 + 36 = 153 widgets.


 Many firefighter tests include a mathematical reasoning section, such as the Firefighter Written Exam or Gledhill Shaw CPS exam. the Our preparation packs include realistic practice tests for these sections with full solutions for each question, and a "back to basics" section to help you catch up to the knowledge and skill standards expected.


Verbal Reasoning

In this test, you will be asked questions that assess your ability to comprehend written information and draw conclusions from it.


1. About half of all women and many men will experience urinary tract infections at some point in their lives. They are usually caused by Escherichia Coli (E. coli) bacteria.
It is common knowledge that E. coli can grip human cells using appendages with tiny protein hooks on their tips, but this protein's structure, or how it interacts with human cells, is less-known.
The hooks consist of interlinking chains of this protein, called FimH, which are difficult to pull apart into separate molecules. Researchers in Switzerland have recently managed to isolate individual FimH molecules for the first time.
They found that when FimH is pulled by tensile forces – as during urination – the protein grips tightly to the sugar molecules that coat the surface of human cells, making it very hard to flush out. When urination stops, the force disappears, the protein can release its grip, and the bacteria now move to the bladder.

Statement: Half of the population will suffer from a UTI during their lifetime.

What is the truth value of the statement?

Cannot Say
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is Cannot say.

The passage states that half of all women will suffer from UTIs in their lifetime – that's one-quarter of the population. It also states that men get them too, but the number of men who will suffer from them is not mentioned; one cannot conclude that this is the same number as women (also half) or less.



2. In 1988 Baltic States were in open defiance of the Kremlin. On August 1989 half the adult population of the Baltics formed a human chain stretching the entire length of the three republics to protest against the fiftieth anniversary of Soviet rule. In the parliamentary elections, they gave Sajudis the power to be elected to the Supreme Soviet in Moscow allowing their voices to be heard nationwide through televised coverage. On 11 March 1990 by 124 votes to zero the Lithuanian parliament passed the Act of the Supreme Council on the Restoration of the Independent Lithuanian State.

What did the entrance to Moscow's Soviet allow?
A. A democratic regime
B. Sajudis becoming president
C. Wide media coverage
D. The defeat of the Kremlin
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is C.

"In the parliamentary elections, they gave Sajudis the power to be elected to the Supreme Soviet in Moscow allowing their voices to be heard nationwide through televised coverage."


Verbal reasoning questions can be found in many firefighter exams, such as the FACT (Firefighter Aptitude and Character Test) and fireTEAM test.


Deductive Reasoning

This test is designed to assess your ability to apply general rules to specific situations and come to logical conclusions.

You will be presented with multiple-choice questions usually offering 4 answer options, of which only one is correct.


1. RULE:

Mental Health – Security Officer – Functions

During admissions to the psychiatric hospital, the officer must ensure new patients are restrained if they should become abusive to personnel.

The officer is required to monitor visitors’ behavior and ensure proper conduct. Specifically, the officer must ensure that visitors neither physically harm nor threaten to physically harm personnel or patients nor assist a patient in escaping from the facility. Any visitor exhibiting such conduct, or any unauthorized visitors, must be escorted out of the facility by the officer.

Assume the role of a Security Officer in the Mental Health institution in the following situation.


At the reception, a wife is admitting her husband to the hospital. The husband appears to gradually become aggravated, shouting and cursing at the receptionist. The wife is trying to calm him down.

Restrain the husband
Escort the woman out of the hospital
Try to calm the man down
Do nothing
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is to Restrain the husband.

“During admissions to the psychiatric hospital, the officer must ensure new patients are restrained if they should become abusive to personnel.” – The husband is cursing at the receptionist, which is clearly abusive behavior.



2. Embezzlement occurs when a person illegally takes assets that have been entrusted to that person’s care. In order to be charged with embezzlement, a person must have a legal or ethical relationship with the party who owns the asset and must have intentionally gained possession and acquired ownership through the said relationship with intent to permanently deprive its owner.

According to the definition given, which of the following is the best example of embezzlement?
A. Dave, who works at the register of a grocery store, takes 5.00$ from the register
B. The protocol at the restaurant Amy works at is for waiters and waitresses to give 20% of their tips to the busboy or busgirl on duty. Amy receives a tip of 10.00$ and keeps all of it.
C. While shopping at a clothing store a store employee urges Rachel to go to the dressing room and try on some of the clothes she was looking at. Rachel goes to the dressing room, puts on a shirt, and walks out of the store without paying for it.
D. Howard, the manager of a car rental service, takes one of the cares for a week.
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer
The correct answer is A.

Dave, who works at the register, was entrusted with all of the money in the register. Dave and the owner of the store have a legal, employee – employer relationship. Since Dave gained access to the register through his employee status and intentionally took the money with intent to keep it, he is guilty of embezzlement. 

Answer B: Although Amy’s actions are unethical and she may be stealing from the busboy/girl, they do not fit the definition of embezzlement. Amy and the busboy/girl do have an ethical relationship; however, she was entrusted with the money by a third party. It is only considered embezzlement when the victim is the one who initially entrusted the thief. 

Answer C: The fact that Rachel was given permission to try on some clothing at a store, does not mean she was “entrusted with their care.” Furthermore, Rachel and the store owner do not have any legal or ethical relationship. She therefore may be guilty of shoplifting, but she has not committed embezzlement. 

Answer D: In order for a crime to be considered embezzlement, one must take an asset, with “intent to permanently deprive its owner.” Since Howard only took the car for a week, he is not guilty of embezzlement. 



Deductive reasoning tests can be found in the Firefighter Written Exam.


Mechanical Reasoning

This category includes questions that deal with physics- electricity, torque, cog wheel interactions, gas pressure, liquids and more.

1. Which of the following is an electrical component that can break an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another?

A. Condenser
B. Diode
C. Resistor
D. Transducer
E. Switch
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer
The correct answer is E – a switch.


2. A light bulb with the following information is given: 10V, 4W.

What is the current flowing through the light bulb?

A. 2.5 amps
B. 2.5 watts
C. 0.4 amps
D. 0.4 watts
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is C.

Firstly, we will consider the information provided in the question:
4W = The power indicated as P and measured in watts.
10V = The voltage indicated as V and measured in volts.

This data allows us to calculate the current using the following formula:


We will isolate I and insert the given data:


Thus, the current is 0.4 amps.


3. Which of the following electric devices will be least safe to use?

A. 200 volts voltage, 0.05 ampere current
B. 100 volts voltage, 0.1 ampere current
C. 50 volts voltage, 0.2 ampere current
D. All devices equally
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is C.

To explain the answer we will consider the concepts of voltage, current and power.
Voltage is the difference in electric potential between to points. Current will flow from higher voltage to lower voltage. The voltage measurement unit is the volt.
Current is the flow of electric charge through a medium. The current measurement unit is the ampere.
Power is the rate of electrical energy transmitted per time unit and, in its most basic form, is defined as:

As can be seen from the given numbers, all devices basically create the same electric power.
However, the hazardous component of the power is the current, not the voltage. High voltage devices with low currents (like the Tesla coil) are perfectly safe to use. Therefore, the device with the highest current will be the most hazardous.


Mechanical Reasoning is very important to firefighters- it's a staple in the Firefighter Written Exam, Gledhill Shaw OS & CPS exam and fireTEAM test.


Situational Judgement Test

These tests are meant to measure your convictions and morality- how will you act as a firefighter, and if your actions are worthy of that title.


1. During the last fire, the hose got caught in the truck. It took an extra five minutes to loosen the hose and lay it out long enough to reach the fire. Following this incident, your captain calls in Tom, the firefighter who performed the last equipment check before you left. You know that your captain is upset after this dangerous error, and you know that Tom will get in trouble. You also remember that it was you who rolled the hose last and that you did it while talking on the phone, which may have distracted you.
What would be the worst response to this situation?

A. Wait to see what the captain will say to Tom before you take any rash actions.
B. Tell Tom that you think you should share the blame and suggest you talk to the captain together.
C. You should talk to the captain. Confess what you did, but also emphasize that this is exactly why equipment checks are so important.
D. Suggest to Tom that next time he should check the instruments more thoroughly.
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is C.

Worst response: C
Competencies: Integrity (ethics), Interpersonal relations (teamwork)
Explanation: Following a dangerous incident, your teammate Tom is expected to be blamed for failing to spot a potential hazard in his inspection. Tom indeed should have found the error, but you are the one who caused it. You have a chance to either take responsibility for your part or to let Tom take all the blame. Notice that you are being asked about the worst response to the situation.

In response A, you wait. This seems like a passive response or a response that postpones your need to decide. However, deciding to wait is also a decision. Your first response is not to take responsibility. This is not a positive response, yet it is not the worst.

In response B, you take your share of the responsibility. You don't take the full blame, and indeed Tom has his part too. But you show solidarity and ethics. This is the best response.

Response C might be confusing. First, you confess to your part of the blame – you weren't focused enough while rolling the hose. You go on to emphasize why equipment inspections are important. While this is true, and they are indeed important, emphasizing it here seems to be an attempt to take the blame from you and turn it to Tom. You appear to be responsible, but in fact you are trying to eat the cake and have it too – presenting yourself as ethical by confessing your part but also dodging the reprimand by pointing to someone else. This is the worst response.

In response D, you fail to confess your part in the incident, and, moreover, you act insensitively to your teammate's situation. However, here you don't make things worse for him by trying to get your captain more upset with him. This is a negative response, but it is not the worst.


2. You are sitting around the dining table at the station when you hear a fellow firefighter complain about the cleanliness of the plates and cutlery. "Whoever washed these dishes must be blind," he exclaims. You washed the dishes last, and you are certain you cleaned them thoroughly. After all, no one else has complained.
What should you do?

A. Tell the firefighter that you washed the dishes, but won't be offended if he wants to rewash those he wants to use.
B. Tell the firefighter that the problem must lie with him as no one else seems to have any complaints.
C. Ask your team to be relieved of this duty in the future.
D. Tell him that he can wash his own dishes from now on, as he obviously has higher standards than everyone ese.
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is A.

Best response: A
Competency: Interpersonal skills (teamwork).
Explanation: In this scenario, a team member complains about a task you have completed. You need to decide how to respond.

Response A is the only non-defensive response, and it is the only one that demonstrates your ability to get along with others in a communal living situation. Firefighters share accommodation, and therefore they need to be able to live together and solve any interpersonal problems that may occur.

Response B is not a good response as in it you shift blame onto your team member. This could cause the situation to escalate or cause friction in your relationship later on. This firefighter is not a temporary roommate; it is best to overlook his comment rather than jeopardize your relationship with him.

Response C is not recommended. By asking to be relieved of this duty, you are being unfair to the rest of your team members. This response also indicates that you easily take things out of proportion, especially as only one person has made a complaint about the way you clean dishes. This response also shows a lack of problem solving skills.

Response D is a very negative response as you are singling out this team member. This response is most likely to lead to an escalation of the situation.


SJTs appear as a section in the Firefighter Written Exam, Gledhill Shaw OS & CPS exam, fireTEAM test, and FACT (Firefighter Aptitude and Character Test).


Additional Firefighter Practice Test

Click the link below to access the free firefighter test that JobTestPrep offers. 

Reading Comprehension Sample Test

Prepare for Your Firefighter Exams

We provide a variety of different practice tests to help you prepare for the exam.

Firefighter Written Exams

Although firefighter written tests vary from state to state, they all measure the abilities needed to be a successful firefighter. Reviewing sample firefighter exam questions will help you achieve your goal of becoming a firefighter. Learn more about the different kinds of firefighter exams.


Firefighter Exams by Assessment Company

Company Firefighter Exams
Ontario Fire Administration Inc.

Firefighter Aptitude and Character Test (FACT)

CPS Research Inc.

Firefighter Entry-Level Test

Fire & Police Selection Inc.

National Fire Select Test (NFST)


Entry-Level Firefighter Exam

Morris McDaniel

S.H.I.E.L.D Firefighter Exam


Firefighter Selection Test (FST)


Wonderlic Test

Bureau of Fire Department Test

BFP Test

 Firefighter Exams by State

State Firefighter Exams
New Jersey

NJ Firefighter Exam

New York

NYS Firefighter Written Exam


Ohio Firefighter Exams


Texas Firefighter Exams




Louisiana Firefighter Civil Service Test

 Click here for additional Firefighter Exams by state.


Prepare for Your Firefighter Written Exam

It is important to keep in mind that these free sample firefighter test questions comprise many different types of firefighter questions. If you are interested in taking a complete firefighter test, check out our Full Preparation Pack.


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