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What Is the Big Five Factor Model?

The Big Five Model is used to understand the relationship between personality and behavior. JobTestPrep is here to help you learn more about the Big Five Model so that you can feel confident when taking your personality test!
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About the Big Five Model Of Personality

To define the Big Five Model, researchers analyzed hundreds of personality traits to find the underlying aspects of personality. They ultimately came to the conclusion that there are five main characteristics that make up one’s personalitily. Ample research indicates that personality remains constant throughout one’s life and is related to success in school and career, marital stability, and even physical health. Because of this, many personality tests are modelled on the Big Five Personality Traits.

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What is the Big Five Model?

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  • Openness is an overall appreciation for art, emotion, adventure, unusual ideas, imagination, curiosity, and a variety of experiences. Intellectually curious individuals are generally open to experience, appreciate art, and are perceptive of beauty. Unlike closed individuals, open people are generally creative and in touch with their feelings. Open people tend to have unconventional beliefs, are intellectually curious, show interest in art, and are open to trying new things. Openness includes the following dimensions of personality: active imagination, attentiveness to inner feelings, aesthetic sensitivity, intellectual curiosity, and appreciate variety.

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  • Conscientiousness is an inclination to behave justly, show self-discipline, and aim for achievement. Individuals who are efficient, organized, and planned tend to score high on conscientiousness, while those who are easygoing, careless, and spontaneous tend to score low on conscientiousness. Conscientious people are likely to show self-discipline and are generally dependable. Conscientiousness is demonstrated in certain behaviors such as being neat, systematic, thorough, and careful.

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  • Extraversion-Introversion is a basic personality dimension. Those who are more extroverted tend to be talkative, outgoing, and display energetic behavior. However, introverted individuals tend to be more reserved and display solitary behavior. While extraversion and introversion are generally considered to be on a single continuum, there is a perspective that suggests that all people possess both an extraverted side as well and introverted side, though one side is stronger than the other.

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  • Agreeableness indicates the differences among individuals about concern for social harmony. Those who score high on agreeableness tend to find importance in getting along with others, and they are normally kind, considerate, generous, trustworthy, trusting, helpful, willing to put the needs of others before their own, and have an optimistic impression of human nature. Individuals who score low are considered “disagreeable” and generally more concerned with their own interests than social harmony. They tend to be apathetic towards the needs of others. Because they are skeptical about other people’s motives, they tend to be suspicious, uncooperative, and unfriendly.

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  • Neuroticism (Emotional Stability) is the inclination to feel negative emotions, such as anxiety, worry, moodiness, jealousy, and envy. High scorers on neuroticism are inclined to feel anxious, envious, guilty, angry, depressed, and react negatively to stressful situations. Such individuals may view ordinary situations as threatening and find minor insignificant annoyances as extremely difficult and hopeless. Additionally, they are frequently shy, insecure, and struggle to contain urges and delay gratification. On the other hand, those who score low in neuroticism are generally less emotionally reactive than those who score high. Low scorers are normally emotionally stable, calm, and free from constant negative feelings.

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The Big Five Inventory

The Big Five Inventory is a personality test with 44 items that measures the Big Five Factors, using the same traits as depicted in the Big Five factors. The Big Five Factors are then further divided into personality facets for a more detailed personality appraisal.

Popular Big 5 Personality Tests

Popular Big 5 personality tests include:

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