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About the Tests

MMPI

MMPI, also known as the multi-stage personality test, is an adult psychological test that aims to examine various personality aspects. The test is currently considered the most valid and most common personality test among employers for examination and standardization. MMPI is used for several main purposes:

  • The ability to distinguish between several psychiatric diagnoses.
  • Selection and definition of various treatment programs.
  • Assist in the process of directing candidates to various positions.
  • A better understanding of legal question related to the personality and sexuality of candidates.

MMPI is a questionnaire that includes over 500 different statements; each must be answered in the 'right' or 'wrong' form. You can perform this test either manually or online, either individually or as part of a group. The average required time is 1 to 1.5 hours. Although MMPI is considered a significant test in deciding whether or not to accept candidates, it will hardly ever be used as a single diagnostic tool. Employers will usually validate the test results with additional psychological tests, interviews or other tests. The maximum number of questions that a candidate is allowed not to answer is 30; beyond it, the test will be considered invalid.

MMPI-2

MMPI-2 is the major new version of the MMPI. The new standard was based on 2,600 people from a more representative background than the MMPI. Certain revisions have been published, and a wide range of new topics have been introduced over the years, in order to help physicians interpret the results of the original 10 clinical diagnoses. There are 567 statements in this test, which takes 1 to 2 hours to complete. The original form of MMPI-2 is the third most common in psychology, behind the most common IQ tests and achievements.

MMPI-2-RF

The MMPI-2-RF personality test consists of 338 statements compared to 567 statements of the MMPI-2 test. Although there is significant literature on MMPI-2 tests, there is only one study on child custody laws published in the past, using MMPI-2-RF data in the relevant population, which focused on 344 lawyers involved in child custody, showing significant consistency between the results usually found in MMPI-2 tests. The RC scale intercorrelation patterns, and alpha coefficient values found for MMPI-2-RF scales in a custody population, were also found to be very similar to those reported for other populations.


The clinical scales tested in MMPI are:

1. Hs - Hypochondria, hyperactivity in the body, fear of diseases (32 items).

2. D - Depression, evaluation of depressive symptoms, poor mood and hopelessness (57 items).
3. Hy - Hysteria in stressful situations there is abnormal behavior, which is accompanied, among other things, by physical symptoms (60 items).
4. Pd - Rebellious, non-conforming; may have family problems and have poor work history. TOften creative, but also impulsive, irritable and dissatisfied (50 items).
5. Mf - Masculine masculinity - female behavior in men (56 items).
6. Pa - Paranoia, with suspicious symptoms and persecution thoughts (40 items).
7. Pt - Psychatenia - one's inability to resist behaviors or thoughts that are harmful to him (48 items).
8. Sc - Schizophrenia, clear psychotic symptoms, social alienation and bizarre thinking (78 items).
9. Ma - Hypomania, high spirits, speech and accelerated actions, irritability and short periods of depression (46 items).
10. Si - Problems in social relationships; A scale developed later to assess one's tendency to withdraw from social ties and commitments (69 items).

As mentioned, beyond these clinical scales there are also scales that examine the extent to which the person responded to the questionnaire honestly. These scales examine variables as a tendency to respond in a way that presents them in a positive light, a tendency of the subject to respond in a way that presents them in a negative light or a tendency to avoid questions on certain subjects.

In addition to the clinical scales, the test also includes valid scales. Their aim is to assess how the respondent answered the questionnaire based on honesty, positive or negative presentation, or refraining from answering questions.

Importance of content value

Although clinical content assessments are significant indicators of certain psychological conditions, it is difficult to determine exactly which specific behaviors are associated with high scores. The contents of MMPI-2 developed to increase the cumulative validity of clinical content are intended to provide insight into specific types of symptoms and functional areas, that do not measure clinical evaluations. In addition to the clinical contents, they should also be used in the analysis of behavioral profiles. They were developed using similar rational and statistical procedures as the original MMPI content. Content items are sensitive to response bias - exaggeration or denial of symptoms and should be interpreted with caution. Scores of over 65 in assessments of psychological conditions are considered high scores.

Definitions of MMPI Content Scales

ANX: Anxiety - General symptoms of anxiety, somatic problems, nervousness or worry
FRS: Fears - Specific fears and general fearfulness
OBS: Obsessiveness - Difficulty in making decisions, excessive rumination and dislike og change
DEP: Low mood, lack of energy, suicidal ideation and other depressive features
HEA: Health Concerns - Concerns about illness and physical symptoms
BIZ: Bizarre Mentation - The presence of psychotic thought processes
ANG: Anger - Feelings and expressions of anger
CYN: Cynicism - Distrust and suspiciousness of other people and their motives
ASP: Antisocial Practices - Expression of nonconforming attitudes and possible issues with authority
TPA: Type A Behavior - Irritability, impatience and competitiveness
LSE: Low Self Esteem - Negative attitudes about self, own ability and submissiveness
SOD: Social Discomfort - Preferring to be alone and discomfort when meeting new people
FAM: Family Problems - Resentment, anger and perceived lack of support from family members
WRK: Work Interference - Attitudes that contribute to poor work performance
TRT: Negative Treatment Indicators - Feelings of pessimism and unwillingness to reveal personal information to others


 

MMPI Scoring & Validity Scales

After taking the MMPI-2, an interpretive report is constructed. The scores are converted to normalized “T scores” on a scale ranging from 30 to 120. The scores are analyzed per person and not according to a group of people. The MMPI is usually administered with other psychological tests, so that the test can confirm or deny the results that are suggested by the MMPI. The MMPI includes six specific scales that serve as indicators of test validity:

L Scale Presence of virtues in greater abundance than the norm
K Scale Indicates if problems have been minimized
TRIN True Response Inconsistency, where opposite answers are both marked as true
VRIN Variable Response Inconsistency, indicating random answers
F Scale Atypical Answers

The best way to avoid a non-valid test result is through our Hogan Personality PrepPack™.


 

Start Preparing for the MMPI Online

JobTestPrep grants you an in-depth view of the types of questions encountered in the actual MMPI test. Your MMPI preparedness and familiarity will create a more efficient testing experience. Optimize your MMPI test results, and enhance your employment potential with JobTestPrep.

 

 

 

MMPI and other trademarks are the property of their respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are affiliated with JobTestPrep.

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