City Exams: Free NYC (DCAS) Practice Questions and Answers

Like many other Civil Service exams, the DCAS Civil Service NYC Exams contain several questions: Memorization, Spatial Orientation, Written Comprehension, Written Expression, Information Ordering, Inductive Reasoning, Deductive Reasoning, Visualization, Problem Sensitivity, etc.

Let's begin our practice with the Memorization questions. The test's memorization section is considered the most difficult part of the entire test. You will have 10 minutes to carefully study the details of a photo. You will not take notes, and you will not have time to look at the picture afterward. The questions will cover the most basic aspects of the picture.

Let's begin our practice:

## Memorization

INSTRUCTIONS: Study the image below very carefully for five minutes. You will be asked detailed questions about this image throughout the following questions. Once you are instructed to turn the page, you will not be allowed to look back at the photograph. (In this practice test we suggest that you zoom in and look very carefully at the picture)

Question #1

How many bicycles can be seen clearly/ fully in the photo? (Not cut, cropped, or hidden)

1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4

The answer is 1, although there are two bicycles, one of them is hidden by a car and can’t be seen fully. (The orange arrow for the bicycle, and the green arrow is for the hidden bicycle.)

Question #2

What is between the two U.S.A flags?

1. Brick wall
2. Window
3. Door
4. There's only 1 usa flag

The answer is 3, the object between the U.S.A flags is a white door.

Question #3

Howw many people are visible in the photo? (Not cut, cropped, or hidden)

1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. No more then 5.

The correct answer is 3, there are three people fully visible in the picture, and another one is hidden by the person that walks next to them in the picture. (The orange arrow for the visible people and the green arrow is for the hidden person.)

Tip: As you view the photo, don't try to remember every single detail, as this can be overwhelming. Instead, focus on key elements that stand out, such as unique features, patterns, or distinctive objects. Try to create a mental "map" of the photo based on these key elements. When the viewing time ends, take a few seconds to consolidate your mental image before attempting to answer the questions. This selective approach can help you recall important information efficiently and improve your accuracy in memorization questions. For more info and practice about specific DCAS exams, check our Corrections Officer ExamSchool Safety Agent Exam, Sanitation Worker Exam pages.

Next, we'll discuss Spatial Orientation questions. This part of the assessment not only assesses your relative (left-right) and absolute (north-south) directional skills but also requires reading comprehension, attention to detail, and problem-solving abilities. You will often be given a map in this section and asked to find the fastest route between two locations. You may also have to determine an object or person's last known direction or location through a written scenario.

Let's begin with our practice:

## Spatial Orientation

An arrow on the street indicates that, along the entire road, traffic is only allowed to travel in the direction the arrow is pointing.

Question #4

If you leave the Community Center on foot and head northeast where are you likely to be heading?
1. The Bank
2. The Police
3. Berta's Cakes
4. The Clinic

1 is wrong because the bank is to the west/northwest of the community center.
2 is wrong because the Police Department is to the north.
4 is wrong because that would be to the east.

Question #5

What direction is the large park in relation to the small park?
1. West
2. East
3. South
4. None of the above

The correct answer is 4. The large park is southwest of the small park.

Question #6

The high school is ____ of the ______.

1. North, Gym
2. West, Townhall
3. South, Bank
4. Northeast, Soap factory

Tip: One of the best tips for specific map-based questions is quickly identifying key landmarks and paths. For written scenarios of spatial orientation, visualize the scene and use directional cues in the text to orient yourself. Always double-check your initial instinct against the map or scenario details. for more information about specific DCAS exams, you can check our DCAS Plumber ExamNew York Police Department Police Officer ExamDeputy Sheriff Exam pages.

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Now we'll continue to another question you'll face in the assessment - Written Comprehension questions. You will be presented with several passages pertaining to police work (e.g. a sample crime report) in this section to test your ability to read and comprehend written information. You will be asked a series of questions about the text details after each passage.

Let's continue our practice:

## Written Comprehension

Answer the following question based on the current information:

A recent environmental initiative has raised concerns about the declining bee population and its impact on global ecosystems. The campaign highlights the critical role of bees in pollination and the alarming rate at which their numbers are decreasing, largely due to pesticides and habitat loss. While the initiative has been successful in spreading awareness, it has also sparked debate. Some experts argue that the focus on bees might overshadow the importance of other pollinators and ecological factors, leading to a narrow perspective on environmental conservation efforts.

Question #7

The environmental initiative's primary goal is to highlight the significance of bees in ecosystems.
1. True
2. False
3. Cannot Say

The information provided makes it clear that the initiative aims to emphasize the importance of bees in pollination and ecosystem health: “The campaign highlights the critical role of bees in pollination...” Therefore, the statement is true as it aligns with the campaign's primary goal.

Question #8

What is a potential concern regarding the campaign's focus on bees?
1. Ignoring the effects of climate change
3. Promoting the use of pesticides
4. Misrepresenting bee population data

The passage indicates a concern related to the campaign’s narrow focus: “Some experts argue that the focus on bees might overshadow the importance of other pollinators...” This suggests that overshadowing other environmental issues is a potential downside, making B the correct answer.

Question #9

Which term best replaces 'alarming' in the context of this passage?
1. Encouraging
2. Insignificant
3. Disturbing

The term ‘alarming’ in the passage refers to the rate of decline in bee populations: “...the alarming rate at which their numbers are decreasing.” The most suitable synonym in this context is 'disturbing', which carries a similar sense of urgency and concern. The other options do not match the intended meaning of 'alarming' in this scenario.

Tip: The best tip for specific reading comprehension questions is to read each passage carefully, focusing on the main idea and key details. Before looking at the questions, briefly summarize the passage in your mind. This helps in recalling details when answering questions. For more practice questions and expert tips like this, check our Bus Operator and Train Conductor ExamTraffic Enforcement Agent ExamFire Department New York Firefighter Exam.

Now we'll continue to another question you'll face in your NYPD Police exam- Information Ordering. This section involves sequencing rules or actions. The questions can include letters, numbers, pictures, words, procedures, sentences, and mathematical/logical operations to be placed in order. Let's dive in and see what it is all about:

## Information Ordering

Question #10

The following steps should be followed when administering CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation). (These steps are not listed in the correct order.)

1. Check for responsiveness of the victim
2. Call for emergency medical help
3. Begin chest compressions
4. Open the victim’s airway
5. Give rescue breaths
6. Check the victim’s breathing
7. Continue CPR until help arrives or the victim shows signs of life

The most logical order for the steps above is:

1. 1,2,6,4,5,3,7
2. 1,2,4,6,3,5,7
3. 2,1,3,4,5,6,7
4. 1,6,2,3,4,5,7

The initial step in CPR is to check for the victim's responsiveness (step 1), immediately followed by calling for emergency help (step 2). Therefore, options C and D can be eliminated.

After calling for help, the next step is to open the victim’s airway (step 4) to ensure they can breathe. Only after this should you check the victim's breathing (step 6).

If the victim is not breathing, begin chest compressions (step 3), followed by rescue breaths (step 5), and continue CPR (step 7) until help arrives or the victim shows signs of life. Thus, A is not the correct answer, and B is the most logical sequence.

You may also have noticed:

It's crucial to open the airway before giving rescue breaths to ensure the air actually reaches the lungs. Also, chest compressions are more critical than rescue breaths if you are untrained or unsure.

Question #11

The following steps should be followed when extinguishing a small fire with a fire extinguisher. (These steps are not listed in the correct order.)

1. Pull the pin on the extinguisher
2. Approach the fire steadily and aim the extinguisher nozzle at the base of the fire
3. Squeeze the extinguisher handle to release the extinguishing agent
4. Call emergency services if needed
5. Assess the size and type of fire to ensure it's safe to use an extinguisher
6. Sweep the nozzle from side to side

The most logical order for the steps above is:

1. 5,1,2,3,6,4
2. 1,5,2,3,6,4
3. 4,5,1,2,3,6
4. 5,4,1,2,6,3

The first step when encountering a small fire is to assess its size and type (step 5), to confirm if it's safe to use an extinguisher. Answer C starts with calling emergency services, which is not the immediate first step, so it can be eliminated.

After assessment, the next step is to pull the pin (step 1), aim at the base of the fire (step 2), squeeze the handle (step 3), and then sweep the nozzle (step 6). Calling for emergency services (step 4) is the last step if the fire cannot be controlled or extinguished. Thus, answers B and D are not correct.

You may also have noticed:

The PASS technique (Pull, Aim, Squeeze, Sweep) is the standard procedure for using a fire extinguisher, which follows after ensuring the fire is manageable with an extinguisher.

Question #12

The following steps should be followed when setting up a tent for camping. (These steps are not listed in the correct order.)

1. Insert the tent poles into the corresponding flaps or loops on the tent fabric
2. Find a flat, dry area to set up the tent
3. Secure the tent to the ground with stakes
4. Unfold the tent and lay it out on the ground
5. Attach the rain fly if necessary
6. Organize and store your camping gear inside the tent

The most logical order for the steps above is:

1. 2,4,1,3,5,6
2. 4,2,1,3,5,6
3. 2,1,4,3,5,6
4. 1,2,3,4,5,6

The first step in setting up a tent is finding a suitable location: flat and dry (step 2). Therefore, answers B, C, and D can be eliminated, as they do not start with this crucial step.

After selecting the location, unfold the tent (step 4), insert the poles (step 1), secure it to the ground with stakes (step 3), attach the rain fly if needed (step 5), and finally, organize your gear inside (step 6). Thus, A is the correct sequence.

You may also have noticed:

Securing the tent with stakes is important before attaching the rain fly, as it stabilizes the tent, especially in windy conditions.

Tip: In these types of questions, it is crucial to identify the underlying pattern or rule governing the sequence. Start by looking for the simplest connections or order, then apply this to arrange the given items. Double-check to ensure the sequence logically follows the identified rule. for more info, check our pages about Special Officer ExamTraffic Device Maintainer ExamCarpenter Exam.

Now we'll continue to another question you'll face in your exam- Inductive Reasoning. In these questions, you'll be required to identify the crime committed within a specific scenario based on offence classifications. The assessment assesses your ability to apply a rule in a new scenario. In certain items, there will be witness statements, so you need to pick the one that is most likely to be accurate or inaccuracy. Let's dive in and see what it is all about:

## Inductive Reasoning

RULES:

LIBRARY STAFF ROSTER

• Staff are divided into three groups, each with five members.
• Each group works an 8-hour shift before the next group takes over.
• After a shift, each group has 48 hours off before their next shift.
• During each shift, one staff member from the on-duty group has a break, rotating among all group members.
• If a staff member needs a day off for personal reasons, they can exchange shifts with another staff member from any group, provided the exchange is agreed upon by both parties.
• Staff members are not allowed to work more than 16 hours consecutively.
• Every staff member must have at least 8 hours off between shifts.

Question #13

Which of the following is impossible under the given rules?
1. Librarian Anna worked 16 hours consecutively by exchanging shifts with a colleague from another group.
2. Librarian Ben had three consecutive days off without exchanging any shifts.
3. Librarian Carol worked two different shifts in 48 hours.
4. Librarian Dave exchanged shifts with two different colleagues for two consecutive days off.

Answer (A) is impossible: "Staff members are not allowed to work more than 16 hours consecutively." – Librarian Anna cannot work 16 hours straight even with a shift exchange.

Answer (B) is possible: With a 48-hour break between shifts, three consecutive days off are feasible without shift exchanges.

Answer (C) is possible: Working two different shifts in 48 hours is feasible, considering the mandatory 8-hour break between shifts.

Answer (D) is possible: Staff can exchange shifts with others, allowing for two consecutive days off.

Question #14

Which of the following is possible under the given rules?
1. Librarian Emily worked a shift, took 8 hours off, then worked another 8-hour shift.
2. Librarian Frank worked two 8-hour shifts in a row without breaks.
3. Librarian Grace had 72 hours off between two shifts without making any exchanges.
4. Librarian Harry swapped half of his 8-hour shift with Librarian Ian from another group.

Answer (A) is possible: With the mandatory 8-hour break, Librarian Emily can work another shift after her break.

Answer (B) is impossible: "Staff members are not allowed to work more than 16 hours consecutively." – Librarian Frank cannot work two shifts in a row.

Answer (C) is impossible: The maximum break between shifts, without exchanges, is 48 hours, not 72.

Answer (D) is impossible: Shift exchanges must be for whole shifts, not partial shifts.

Question #15

Which of the following scenarios is possible under the given rules?
1. Librarian Isabella took a 48-hour break between her shifts without exchanging any shifts.
2. Librarian Jack worked for 8 hours, took a 6-hour break, then worked another 8-hour shift.
3. Librarian Kelly worked two shifts with only a 6-hour break in between.
4. Librarian Liam exchanged shifts with Librarian Mia, resulting in him working two 8-hour shifts with a 32-hour break in between.

Answer (A) is possible: The maximum break between shifts without exchanging is 48 hours.

Answer (B) is impossible: "Every staff member must have at least 8 hours off between shifts." – A 6-hour break is not sufficient.

Answer (C) is impossible: "Every staff member must have at least 8 hours off between shifts." – A 6-hour break is not compliant with the rules.

Answer (D) is possible: Exchanging shifts can allow for a 32-hour break between two 8-hour shifts.

Tip: In these types of questions, it is crucial to understand the general rule or classification first. Then, carefully apply this rule to the specific scenario presented, ensuring that all aspects of the scenario are considered. Avoid overthinking or assuming information is not given. for more info about DCAS products check our Environmental Conservation Officer ExamCaseworker ExamAuto Mechanic (gas or diesel).

We'll continue with another question you'll face in your exam - Deductive Reasoning. This section involves applying a rule to specific problems in the most logical way. This test section involves tables, picture matching, and lists of detailed information. Let's dive in and see what it is all about:

## Deductive Reasoning

Question #16

Impact of Urban Green Spaces on Well-being
Urban green spaces, such as parks and gardens, have been shown to significantly improve the mental and physical well-being of city residents. Studies indicate that these green areas reduce stress, promote physical activity, and enhance social interaction. Additionally, they contribute to environmental benefits like improved air quality and temperature regulation. However, maintaining these spaces requires consistent funding and management, which can be a challenge for some urban administrations.

Which of the following statements is most correct regarding the impact of urban green spaces?
1. Urban green spaces have no effect on social interaction.
2. Maintaining urban green spaces does not require funding or management.
3. Urban green spaces contribute to improved mental and physical well-being.
4. Urban green spaces worsen the environmental conditions in cities.

The correct answer is (C). According to the text, “Urban green spaces... significantly improve the mental and physical well-being of city residents”.

(A) Is incorrect because the text states that these spaces enhance social interaction.

(B) Is incorrect as the text mentions the need for funding and management for maintaining these spaces.

(D) Is incorrect because the text indicates that these spaces provide environmental benefits.

Question #17

Benefits of Regular Exercise on Cognitive Function
Extensive research has established that regular exercise enhances cognitive function and memory in individuals of all ages. It is found that physical activity boosts brain health by improving blood flow and reducing inflammation. This leads to increased concentration, sharper memory, and lower risks of cognitive decline in older adults. While exercise is beneficial for cognitive health, it should be combined with other lifestyle factors like a healthy diet and sufficient sleep for optimal results.

Which of the following statements is most correct regarding the benefits of regular exercise?
1. Regular exercise has no impact on cognitive function.
2. Exercise alone is sufficient to maintain optimal cognitive health.
3. Physical activity can enhance memory and cognitive function.
4. Regular exercise increases the risk of cognitive decline in older adults.

The correct answer is (C). According to the text, “regular exercise enhances cognitive function and memory in individuals of all ages”.

(A) Is incorrect because the text clearly states the positive impact of exercise on cognitive function.

(B) Is incorrect as the text suggests that exercise should be combined with other lifestyle factors for optimal cognitive health.

(D) Is incorrect because the text indicates that exercise lowers the risks of cognitive decline.

Question #18

Effects of Online Learning on Student Engagement
With the shift to online learning, there has been a mixed response regarding its effects on student engagement. Some studies show that online learning offers flexibility and access to a wider range of resources, potentially increasing engagement for some students. However, other reports suggest that the lack of physical interaction and classroom dynamics can lead to decreased engagement and motivation. This indicates that the effectiveness of online learning in terms of engagement varies depending on individual student needs and learning styles.

Which of the following statements is most correct regarding the effects of online learning on student engagement?
1. Online learning universally increases student engagement.
3. The effectiveness of online learning on engagement varies among students.
4. All students are less engaged in online learning compared to physical classrooms.

The correct answer is (C). According to the text, “the effectiveness of online learning in terms of engagement varies depending on individual student needs and learning styles”.

(A) Is incorrect because the text suggests that the increase in engagement is not universal for all students.

(B) Is incorrect as the text states that online learning offers access to a wider range of resources.

(D) Is incorrect because the text does not claim that all students are less engaged in online learning.

Tip: For solving deductive reasoning questions effectively, focus on understanding the general rule or principle first, then apply it logically to the specific situation presented in the question. Deductive reasoning moves from a general rule to specific examples. Ensure that you clearly understand the rule of law given in the question, and then methodically apply it to the scenarios or choices provided. This approach will help you avoid assumptions or biases and lead you to a logical conclusion based on the given premises. Remember, in deductive reasoning, if the premises are true and you apply them correctly, your conclusion should also be true.

We'll continue with another question you'll face in your exam- Visualization. In these questions you'll you will encounter diagrams, geometric shapes, floor plans, and pictures of human faces as you test your ability to identify an object after it has been superficially altered or repositioned. Let's dive in and see what it is all about:

## Visualization

Question #19

On the left a portrait of a suspect is presented. On the right are four different portraits. Out of the four, only one is the suspect. Assuming no plastic surgery or drastic changes to basic facial features have been performed and only superficial features (such as hair and/or glasses) have changed, choose the portrait that is most likely to be the suspect.

1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D

This type of question can be slightly confusing. We recommend that you begin by eliminating the choices least likely to be the answer and then focus on the portraits more similar to that of the suspect. In this question we can see that A has the wrong eyes, C has the wrong nose and D has a different mouth from the portrait we need, therefore B is the answer.

Question #20

On the left a portrait of a suspect is presented. On the right are four different portraits. Out of the four, only one is not the suspect. Assuming no plastic surgery or drastic changes to basic facial features have been performed and only superficial features (such as hair and/or glasses) have changed, choose the portrait that is most likely not the suspect.

1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D

B has a different nose in comparison to the suspect.

Tip: For solving visualization questions effectively, focus on maintaining strong spatial awareness and a keen eye for detail. Pay close attention to how objects are oriented and relate to each other, and note any subtle changes in position, shape, or appearance. Developing a mental image of the original state can also be helpful for comparison. This approach will aid in accurately identifying objects that have been altered or repositioned.

We'll continue with the last type of question you'll face in your Police exam - Problem Sensitivity. In this section of the test, you are evaluated on your ability to identify issues in a variety of police-related scenarios. Examples include spotting a problematic testimony, identifying an incongruency with procedures, or suspicious information at a crime scene.  Let's check it out:

## Problem Sensitivity

Library Quiet Zone Regulations

Following quiet zone regulations must be observed in the library:

• Talking is not permitted in the Quiet Zone.
• Mobile phones must be on silent mode; no phone calls are allowed.
• Headphones must be used at a low volume that cannot be heard by others.
• Food and drinks, except water, are not allowed in the Quiet Zone.

Note: The Quiet Zone is strictly enforced to maintain a silent study environment.

Question #21

Tom is studying in the Quiet Zone while eating a sandwich and listening to music without headphones. His phone is on silent mode.
Question: How did Tom violate the RULE?

1. He was talking in the Quiet Zone.
2. He was eating food in the Quiet Zone.
3. His phone was not on silent mode.
4. He did not violate the RULE.

According to the RULE, “Food and drinks, except water, are not allowed in the Quiet Zone.” – Tom violated the RULE by eating a sandwich in the Quiet Zone.

Answer choice A is incorrect as there is no mention of Tom talking.

Answer choice C is incorrect because Tom's phone was on silent mode, as required by the RULE.

Answer choice D is incorrect as Tom did violate the RULE by eating food in the Quiet Zone.

Question #22

Emily is in the Quiet Zone. She is using headphones at a volume that others can hear and is drinking water. Her phone rings loudly, disturbing others.
Question: How did Emily violate the RULE?

1. She was using headphones at a loud volume.
2. She was drinking water in the Quiet Zone.
3. Her phone was not on silent mode.
4. She did not violate the RULE.

According to the RULE, “Mobile phones must be on silent mode; no phone calls are allowed.” – Emily violated the RULE as her phone rang loudly, which is not permitted in the Quiet Zone.

Answer choice A is incorrect because using headphones, even at a loud volume, is not explicitly against the RULE.

Answer choice B is incorrect as drinking water is allowed in the Quiet Zone.

Answer choice D is incorrect as Emily did violate the RULE regarding phone usage.

Question #23

John is in the Quiet Zone reading a book. He answers a quick text message on his phone, which is on silent mode, and drinks a cup of coffee.
Question: Did John violate the RULE?

1. Yes, because he answered a text message.
2. Yes, because he was drinking coffee.
3. No, because his phone was on silent mode.
4. No, because he was reading a book.

According to the RULE, “Food and drinks, except water, are not allowed in the Quiet Zone.” – John violated the RULE by drinking coffee in the Quiet Zone.

Answer choice A is incorrect as answering a text message is not mentioned as a violation in the RULE, especially if the phone is on silent mode.

Answer choices C and D are incorrect as they are not violations of the RULE.

Tip: To effectively tackle problem sensitivity questions, which often involve identifying issues or conflicts in scenarios, it's crucial to carefully read and understand the context provided. Focus on identifying key elements and underlying issues in the scenario. Think about how different elements interact and what their potential implications are. This type of question requires you to be perceptive and considerate of nuances in the given information, aiming to anticipate problems or conflicts that may arise from the situation described. F

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