The USA Hire Occupational Reasoning Test – 2023 Guide

What is the Occupational Reasoning Test?

The Occupational Reasoning Test is composed of several different types of verbal questions that test the candidate’s logical reasoning skills: The 2 main types are:

  • Formal logic questions
  • Seating arrangement questions

Both of these question types are intended to measure the candidate’s ability to (1) look at a written text and to boil down the content to its logical components and (2) to make decisions based on these comments.

Take, for example, the questions below.

 

  • Sample Question #1

FACTS: A street has 5 houses arranged from left to right (1-2-3-4-5). Each house has a unique characteristic. One house has a gate to the front yard. The house with the front porch is not house #4. The leftmost house does not have a blue door. The house with the garden is immediately to the left of the house with the wide driveway. The house with the gate to the front yard is two houses to the right of the house with the front porch and one house to the left of the house with the garden.

CONCLUSION: House 2 has the front porch.

 

Which of these is true?

The facts prove the conclusion
The facts disprove the conclusion
The facts neither prove nor disprove the conclusion
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

B is correct.

If the house with the gate to the front yard is two houses to the right of the house with the front porch, then the house with the gate to the front yard can only be house 3, 4 or 5.

If the house with the gate to the front yard is also one house to the left of the house with the garden, then the house with the gate to the front yard can only be house 3 or 4 and the house with the garden is house 4 or 5.

If the house with the garden is immediately to the left of the house with the wide driveway, then the house with the garden must be house 4.

Therefore, the house with the gate to the front yard is house 3 and the house with the wide driveway is house 5. If the leftmost house does not have the blue door, then house 2 must have the blue door which means it does not have the front porch. House 1 has the front porch.

 

  • Sample Question #2

FACTS: Andy only likes words that start with vowels. Brad only likes words that start with consonants. Cody only likes words that start with C.

CONCLUSION: Andy and Cody do not both like any of the same words.

 

Which of these is true?

The facts prove the conclusion
The facts disprove the conclusion
The facts neither prove nor disprove the conclusion
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is A.

Cody only likes words that start with C and Andy only likes words that start with vowels. Since C is not a vowel, Andy and Cody will not both like any of the same words.

 

  • Sample Question #3

FACTS: Al, Edward, Fred, and Jim all play on a basketball team. If Al does not score at least 10 points in the next game, Al will be traded. If Jim is traded, Fred will play Jim’s position on the team. Jim will be traded only if both Al and Edward each score at least double the points as Jim in the next game. Jim was not traded after the next game.

CONCLUSION: Al was not traded after the next game.

 

Which of these is true?

The facts prove the conclusion
The facts disprove the conclusion
The facts neither prove nor disprove the conclusion
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is C.

If Jim was not traded, then all we know is that both Al and Edward did not score at least double the number of points as Jim. Al will be traded only if he does not score at least 10 points in the next game. However, we do not know how many points Al scored and so we can’t determine if Al was not traded after the game.


How to Answer Formal Logic Questions on the Occupational Reasoning Test

Formal Logic questions often contain a large amount of information in a way that may be confusing or misleading. One way to deal with the problem is sketching out the information in a graphic form (you will be allowed to use scratch paper to do so).

It is important to pay attention while answering formal logic questions. These questions are known for stating information in ways that are sometimes subtle and may trip readers up.

In the first question above, for example, it’s useful to jot down a list of the houses and associate each of them with what is known about it - House 1 - (does not have a blue door), House 3 (does not have a front porch), etc.


How to Answer Seating Arrangement Questions in the Occupational Reasoning Test

Here, too, the candidate is expected to read a written text to get logical information out of it. One way to do so is to jot down written information in chart form. Use letters to mark each of the persons listed in the question: A for Abe, B for Billy, and so on. Substitute underlines ( ) _ ) to mark unknowns.

Read over the Seating Arrangement question carefully. The text you’re provided will contain both direct information about the seating (in the form of statements like ‘Abe is sitting next to Billy’ as well as indirect information, which can be implied by the text. You must make sure you note all the information in the text in your chart so that you have everything in place to resolve the question.


Tips for Answering Occupational Reasoning Questions

  • Read the questions carefully to avoid being tripped up.
  • Take notes to write down key information.
  • Try to arrange key information in graphic form.

To be prepared for the Occupational Reasoning Test, it’s best to practice repeatedly. Click here to get access to 12 mock Occupational Reasoning tests as well as study guides.

See also: USA Hire Occupational Interaction Assessment

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