Analytical Reasoning Test: Free Guide and Sample Questions

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What is the Analytical Reasoning Test?

The Analytical Reasoning test is used as a measure of the candidate's Verbal, Numerical, and Figural skills and to test their ability to analyze data, see patterns, and apply reason. Many companies use this form of testing, in particular for training and graduate programs.

How Do You Pass an Analytical Test?

Preparation is key. Even if you are confident in your problem-solving abilities, you may not be used to doing exercises such as identifying the next shape in a pattern. When you're prepared, you'll remain calm and confident during your test and gain a considerable advantage over your competitors.

What Are Analytical Reasoning Questions?

When facing an analytical reasoning question on a pre-employment test or job interview, you will be presented with data in the form of passages, tables, graphs, or shapes.

You will need to think critically about the information in front of you and make inferences (conclusions).

Success demands a strong grasp of logic and close attention to detail. Analytical skills are crucial for any job that involves math, numerical reasoning, or logic.

In fact, even in jobs that don't require any math, workers must still solve problems by applying their knowledge of logic to solve problems involving data.

Analytical capability questions are very common on various pre-employment tests, such as the CCAT test, or the Wonderlic test.

Note: if you are preparing for your CCAT test, the Wonderlic test, or the Miller Analogies Test, you should check out our tailor-made PrepPacks on their preparation page. 


Free Analytical Reasoning Test Question and Answers

 

Analytical Reasoning - Word Problem Sample Question


Due to an increase in taxes on electronic devices, the price of a 46” LED flat TV screen has increased to $845, which is 30% increase over the original price. What was the original price of the TV prior to the increase?

Choose the correct answer

A. 515.45$
B. 591.5$
C. 650$
D. 676$
E. 768.95$
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is $650.

In this question, 100% is the original price.
A good way to tackle this type of question is by writing down the information you have in a table:

analytical reasoning sample answer 1

Calculate the missing data with the “triangle trick.” Multiply along the diagonal and then divide by the remaining number.
Then, apply the above method to this question:

Analytical Reasoning Sample Questions Answer 1

To find the missing data, we then multiply the numbers connected by the diagonal (the hypotenuse) and then divide by the number located on the remaining vertex: X = (845*100)/130 = $650.

Another approach to this type of question requires an understanding of the relation between a given percentage and the proportion it represents (and vice versa). This relation is represented by the following formula:

analytical reasoning sample answer 3

Total = the value of 100%.
We can isolate the part we are interested in:
Total = (Value*100)/%
And insert the data:
Value = ($845*100)/130 = $650.
Another way to tackle this question- is if you start with 130%, divide the number by 130 to get 1%. Then simply multiply the value you have received by 100.

 


Numerical Reasoning - Number Series Sample Question


7 | 14 | 28 | 32 | 64 | 128 | ? | ?

What would be the next number in the following series?

A. 257, 1128
B. 208, 514
C. 132, 264
D. 340, 686
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is 3.

The series increases repeatedly by: x2, x2, +4.

 


Figural Reasoning - Next in Series Sample Question

Choose the image that completes the pattern

A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is E.

The logic: there are two rules in this set:

There is a shape in the top left corner of the frame and in the bottom left-hand corner alternately.

There is a shape in the top right corner of the frame and in the bottom right corner alternately.

This rule creates a wave-like pattern of shapes if you look at the sequence of frames. This rule already disqualifies answers 1 and 2.

The second rule concerns the shapes in the upper part of the frames only (the shapes in the bottom are only distracters and do not follow a distinct rule).

You can see that every two frames, the number of sides (of the shape) decreases by one (a pentagon, a square and a triangle).

When the shape is in the right side of the frame, it will be duplicated in the left side of the next frame, and be replaced in the following frame.

Therefore, the correct answer is 5, as the triangle is duplicated in the right place. Answer 4 may be distracting as a triangle is present, but not in the right place.


Verbal Reasoning True/False/Cannot Say Sample Question

Nicotinia attenuata, a type of wild tobacco, is usually pollinated by hawkmoths. To lure them in, the plant opens its flowers at night and releases alluring chemicals. But pollinating hawkmoths often lay their eggs on the plants they visit and the voracious caterpillars start eating the plants. Fortunately, the plant has a back-up plan.

It stops producing its moth-attracting chemicals and starts opening its flowers during the day instead. This change of timing opens its nectar stores to a different pollinator that has no interest in eating it - the hummingbird.

A botanist first noticed the tobacco plant's partner-swapping antics by watching a population of flowers that was overrun by hawkmoth caterpillars. Nearly every plant was infested. To the botanist's surprise, around one in six flowers started opening between 6 and 10am, rather than their normal business hours of 6 and 10pm.

To see if the two trends were related, she deliberately infested plants from another population with young hawkmoth larvae. Eight days later, 35% of the flowers had started opening in the morning, compared to just 11% of plants not infested. The flowers use a cocktail of chemicals to lure in night-flying moths, but the main ingredient is benzyl acetone (BA).

A large plume gets released when the flower opens at night. It is so essential that genetically modified plants, which can't produce BA, never manage to attract any moths. Nonetheless, the flowers that opened in the morning never produced any BA.

Caterpillars are born of the hawkmoth's eggs.

A. True.
B. False.
C. Cannot Say.
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is True.

It logically follows that the caterpillars mentioned are hatched from the hawkmoth's eggs.


 

The Four Types of Analytical Reasoning Questions


There are 4 common types of analytical reasoning questions – verbal reasoning, figural reasoning, math word problems and tables & graphs. Luckily, we have A LOT of practice drills on each and every one of them.

  • Verbal Reasoning – Includes true/false/cannot say questions, and deduction or syllogism questions. These types of questions measure the ability to take information from a set of premises and draw conclusions from them. There can be only one answer that is the logically correct one.
  • Figural Reasoning – Includes “next in series” questions, figural analogies and ”odd one out” questions. These non-verbal questions measure your spatial thinking ability, skills that are not commonly used on a day-to-day basis.
  • Math word problems – Written math questions that requires you to apply math skills to a real-life scenario. They test your ability to take written information and pass it on to a mathematical exercise.
  • Tables and Graphs questions – Measures your understanding and interpreting skills. The information is presented in a graph or a table, and you’ll be asked to process the information in order to extract a solvable mathematical exercise.

How to Improve Your Analytical Reasoning Skills

  • Practice Makes Perfect - Analytical skills tests evaluate skills that you may not use on a daily basis. It is highly recommended that you practice for your analytical reasoning test so that you will become familiar with the format of the test and the type of questions on it.
  • Focus on an Analytical Skill Relevant to Your Needs – If you know the specific skill you are going to be asked about, get professional! You can use our logical reasoning PrepPack, or our numerical reasoning PrepPack, that will enable you to focus only on the relevant material for the exam.
  • Practice Various Skills – Employers often use unique questions to analyze and evaluate your analytical thinking ability. Fortunately, our comprehensive PrepPack includes verbal, numerical, number series, and math word problems, that will ensure full preparation for any analytical test.
  • Focusing on Your Weak Spots - A guaranteed method to improve your score, even if your test is tomorrow. Aim to take a few practice tests in advance of your real test to identify your strong and weak points. Knowing this will allow you to strengthen your weaknesses just enough to secure the score you need to get the job.
  • Try Different Strategies for Approaching Analytical Reasoning Tests - For example, some test takers prefer to answer the easier questions first, leaving them with more time to approach the more difficult questions. You may also find it helpful to skip the most difficult questions and only come back to them if you have time.
  • Master Shortcut Techniques - Shortcut techniques like mathematical tricks could help reduce the time required for a solution by half. That leaves you more time for difficult questions and gives you a huge advantage over the other candidates.
  • Build your mathematical skills – Analytical tests are widely based on mathematical skills, so if you haven’t seen an algebra question since high school - it’s time for a refresher.

Want More Practice?

Get the full analytical reasoning PrepPack™ including: timed tests, helpful tips and detailed answer explanations! start practicing to ensure your success on test day!

 

 

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