FBI Free Practice Test - Get Questions, Answers, and Explanations

Logical Reasoning

The FBI Logical Reasoning Test measures your ability to attend to detail, evaluate information and make judgments/decisions.

You have 22 minutes to answer 11 questions (which leaves 2 minutes per question).

Good luck!

 

Logical Reasoning Sample Question #1

According to the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, the victim of a hate crime may be an individual, a business, an institution, or society as a whole. In 2014, the nation’s law enforcement agencies reported that there were 6,727 victims of hate crimes. Of these victims, some were victimized in multiple-bias incidents. An analysis of data for victims of single-bias hate crime incidents showed that 48.3 percent of the victims were targeted because of the offenders’ bias against race; 18.7 percent were targeted because of bias against sexual orientation; 1.4 percent were targeted because of bias against disability, and 0.6 percent were victims of gender bias. Of the victims targeted due to sexual-orientation bias in single-bias hate crimes, 56.3 percent were victims of crimes motivated by their offenders’ anti-gay (male) bias; 24.4 percent were victims of anti-lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (mixed group) bias; 13.9 percent were victims of anti-lesbian bias; 3.8 percent were victims of anti-bisexual bias, and 1.5 percent were victims of anti-heterosexual bias.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that:

 

A. The incidents in which offenders are not biased against lesbians account for 75.6% of single-bias hate crimes that are biased towards sexual orientation.
B. The incidents in which offenders are not biased against race account for up to 90% of single-bias hate crimes.
C. The incidents in which offenders are not biased against race account for less than 30% of single-bias hate crimes.
D. Given that an offender committed a single-bias hate crime, the probability of him not being biased against race is 0.517.
E. Given that an offender committed a single-bias hate crime that was biased towards sexual orientation, the probability of him being biased only against lesbians cannot be calculated from the current data.
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is (D).

According to the paragraph, 48.3% of single-bias hate crimes are biased against race. Therefore, 51.7% of single-bias hate crimes are not (100% - 48.3% = 51.7%). From this, it can be concluded that if an offender committed a single-bias hate crime, the probability of them being biased against race is 0.483 (48.3/100), while the chance he is not is 0.517, as is stated in answer (D).

Answer (A): It is true that out of all single-bias hate crimes that are biased towards sexual orientation, 13.9% are biased against lesbians, and therefore 86.1% are not biased against this group (100% - 13.9% = 86.1%). However, there is another group containing bias against lesbians: the mixed group. Offenders of crimes in this group are also biased against other sexual orientations. Thus, answer (A) is incorrect, as the real proportion is 61.7% (100% - 24.4% - 13.9% = 61.7%).

Answer (B): This is an overestimation, as we know from the paragraph that the incidents in which offenders are not biased against race account for 51.7% of single-bias hate crimes, as explained in answer (D).

Answer (C): This is an underestimation, as 51.7% of single-bias hate crimes are not biased against race, as explained in answer (D).

Answer (E): This is not true, as the probability can be calculated and is exactly 0.139 (13.9/100) according to the text.

 

Logical Reasoning Sample Question #2

Judicial temperament describes a judge's general attitude toward the law, litigants and other judges. According to the American Bar Association guidelines, a fair judicial temperament means exhibiting compassion, decisiveness, and open-mindedness. Or, according to Trends in State Courts guidelines, a project of the National Center for State Courts, a fair judicial temperament means exhibiting one that is neutral, respectful, and composed. If a judge's temperament adheres to neither the guidelines of the American Bar Association nor of the Trends in State Courts, then the judge must be ill-tempered or delinquent. In such a case, the chances of winning a trial are in most cases unfavorable for the defendant. Judge Brown has a fair judicial temperament, while Judge Judy has an unfair judicial temperament.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that:

 

A. If a defendant has an excellent chance of winning a trial, his judge cannot be ill-tempered.
B. If a defendant has an excellent chance of winning a trial and the judge is also in a good and responsible mood, then that judge's temperament adheres to either the American Bar Association or the Trends in State Courts guidelines.
C. If a judge is ill-tempered or delinquent, that judge's temperament adheres to neither the American Bar Association nor the Trends in State Courts guidelines.
D. If a judge is ill-tempered or delinquent, he or she cannot exhibit a fair judicial temperament.
E. If a judge follows the Trends in State Courts guidelines, but not the American Bar Association guidelines, then he is ill-tempered or delinquent.
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is (B).

According to the passage, if a judge's temperament adheres to neither the American Bar Association (ABA) nor the Trends in State Courts (TSC), then the judge must be ill-tempered or delinquent. If this is the case, the chances of winning a trial are in most cases unfavorable for the defendant (in the logical formulation: if neither ABA nor TSC ➞ then ill-tempered or delinquent ➞ then unfavorable chances). The statement in answer (B) is actually equivalent, as it states that if a defendant has excellent chances of winning a trial and the judge is also in a good and responsible mood, then that judge's temperament adheres to the American Bar Association or the Trends in State Courts guidelines. (In logical formulation, this is a transposed negative equivalent of the text: if not unfavorable [excellent] chances and not ill-tempered [good mood] and not delinquent [responsible]➞ then ABA or TSC). This could be understood intuitively as if there is no way of having neither the ABA temperament nor the TSC temperament, then we are left with either ABA, TSC, or both at the same time (all other options besides not having any of the two). As we learned, a case of either one or the other, or both at the same time (and/or) is like using the keyword "or." Thus, answer (B) is correct.

Answer (A): According to the passage, if a judge is ill-tempered or delinquent, then the chances of winning a trial, in most cases, are unfavorable for the defendant. Because this statement is not decisive, as it uses the words "in most cases," the decisive statement in answer (A) is incorrect. Answer (A) states that if a defendant has excellent chances of winning a trial (parallel wordings to "not unfavorable"), then his judge cannot be ill-tempered. Thus, answer (A) is incorrect.

Answer (C): This is untrue, as being ill-tempered or delinquent doesn’t rule out any other temperaments and has no other outcome. If a judge is ill-tempered or delinquent, then that judge's temperament could still adhere to the American Bar Association and not to the Trends in State Courts guidelines. Thus, answer (C) is incorrect.

Answer (D): Similar to the explanation given for answer (C), if a judge is ill-tempered or delinquent, he or she could actually still exhibit a fair judicial temperament. Being ill-tempered or delinquent has no outcome, and does not interfere with other temperaments.

Answer (E): According to the passage, if a judge's temperament adheres to neither the American Bar Association nor the Trends in State Courts, then the judge must be ill-tempered or delinquent. Answer (E), however, incorrectly states that if a judge follows the Trends in State Courts guidelines, but not the American Bar Association guidelines, he is ill-tempered or delinquent.

 

Logical Reasoning Sample Question #3

Most burglars that break into homes are out for cash, jewellery, and electronics. Many are driven by addiction, looking for a quick buck. A few, however, break-in with the intention of hurting the residing families. Although most burglars would be deterred by signs that people are at home - such as noises, music being played or the lights left on - some might assume no one is home and break in anyway, even if they are wrong. Others just don't care.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that:

 

A. Most people who are out for cash, jewellery and electronics are burglars.
B. A lot of people who break into houses have the intention to hurt the residents of the house.
C. Some burglars don't actually break into homes, yet are still interested in jewellery.
D. Not playing music or not leaving the lights on could attract unwanted attention from burglars.
E. A few people driven by addiction and looking for quick money are actually burglars.
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is (E).

According to the passage, many burglars are driven by addiction, looking for a quick buck [in the logical formulation: (burglars + addiction + quick buck)*many]. Thus, it can be inferred from the amount specified that there are some burglars who are driven by this. Also, there is no logical fallacy in the transposing of both sentence parts, i.e., a few people driven by addiction and looking for quick money are actually burglars [in the logical formulation: (addiction + quick buck + burglars)*many].

Answer (A): According to the passage, most burglars that break into homes are out for cash, jewellery, and electronics [in the logical formulation: (burglars + out for cash, jewellery and electronics)*most]. When an amount is specified, the transposed statement cannot be inferred, as in answer (A), which states that most people who are out for cash, jewellery and electronics are burglars (out for cash, jewellery, and electronics + burglars)*most. Thus, answer (A) is incorrect.

Answer (B): According to the passage, a few burglars break into homes with the intention of hurting the residing families [in the logical format: (burglars + hurt)*a few]. Thus, answer (B) cannot be inferred, as it states that a lot of people break into homes with the intention of hurting the residing families [in the logical format: (people + hurt)*a lot]. The amount specified in answer (B) does not fit the premise (only the opposite conclusion can be inferred - see logical principle "many-some").

Answer (C): According to answer (C), some burglars do not actually break into homes, yet are still interested in jewellery [in the logical format: (burglars + not breaking in + jewellery)*some]. While this could be true, this information is not supported in the text, as information is only given about burglars who do break into homes.

Answer (D): Although the passage states noises and lights deter most burglars from breaking in (in the logical format: noises and lights ➞ deter burglars), no information is given of what happens when the lights are out and music is not being played. Thus, the opposite notion presented in answer (D) is not supported (in the logical formulation: no noises and no lights ➞ no deterring of burglars).


Logical principles:

Many ➞ some: According to logic principles, if it is known that there are many (a lot, most etc.), then it can be concluded that there must be some (a few). This principle cannot be reversed for inference from amount type premises: if it is stated that there are some, it cannot be deduced that there are many.

Transposed negative: As demonstrated in answer (D), a generalizing statement is not equivalent to the negative form of the same statement (all A ➞ are B is not logically equivalent to all, not A ➞ are not B). However, a transposed negative form is equivalent: all not B ➞ are not A! E.g., if all police officers on duty wear uniforms, it can be inferred that if one is not wearing a uniform, one is not a police officer on duty.

 

 

Figural Reasoning

You will be presented with an incomplete matrix of symbols. Your task is to identify the missing symbol from a series of five alternatives. The symbols have no meaning, but all matrices always follow a logical sequence, either across rows, across columns or across both. The missing symbol should be the one that adheres to the logic of the matrix.

You will have to answer 9 questions in 9 minutes- 1 minute per question.

Good luck!

 

Figural Reasoning Sample Question #1

fbi_figural_reasoning_sample_question_#1
A
B
C
D
E
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is C.

Identify the image which completes the pattern by examining how the series of shapes change across the rows and down the columns within the matrix. The direction in which you examine the question should depend on where you can most easily visualize the relationship.

The pattern above contains three types of figures: one plus sign, five plus signs, and three plus signs. Each row and column contains one of each types of figures. Since the bottom row and right column contain an image of one plus sign and an image of five plus signs, the answer choice will contain an image of three plus signs. We can eliminate answer choices B, D, and E.

Additionally, across the rows and down the columns, there are three types of background colors (yellow, blue, and white) which appear once in each row and column. The bottom row and third column contain images with white backgrounds and yellow backgrounds. Thus, the answer choice will be an image with a blue background. We are left with answer choice C as the correct answer.

 

Figural Reasoning Sample Question #2

figural_reasoning_sample_question_#2
A
B
C
D
E
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is A.

Identify the image which completes the pattern by examining how the series of shapes change across the rows and down the columns within the matrix. Where you can most easily visualize the relationship will determine the direction in which you examine the question.

In order to solve this matrix, overlap the first and second columns. Notice that where the blue squares in the first frame overlap with the blue squares in the second frame results in blue squares in the third frame. Also, where the blue squares overlap with the yellow squares results in yellow squares in the third frame. Lastly, where the yellow squares overlap with the yellow squares results in blue squares in the third frame.

We can summarize the rules as the following:

Blue + blue= blue
Yellow + yellow= blue
Blue + yellow= yellow

Take a look at the bottom row. By overlapping the left and middle frames, we will receive answer choice A.

 

Figural Reasoning Sample Question #3

figural-reasoning-sample-question-3
1
2
3
4
5
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is 2.

Across the rows and down the columns, the "L" shaped figure rotates 45 degrees (1/8 of a circle) and the line with the circle rotates 180 degrees (1/2 of a circle) from frame to frame. The middle row follows the same rules. In order to determine the correct answer, look at the frame in the middle of the bottom row. Rotate the "L" figure in the middle of the bottom row 45 degrees and the line with the circle 180 degrees. You will arrive with answer choice 2 as the correct answer.

 

 

Situational Judgement Test

The Situational Judgment Test (SJT) measures your judgment in response to everyday situations. After reading about a scenario, you will be asked to select the most appropriate response.

 

Situational Judgement Test Sample Question #1

 Hillary is a relatively new employee in your team. Yesterday you have given her a task that should be ready by the end of today. At lunch, she approaches you and says that it took her a long time to familiarize herself with the task and now she is worried that she won’t finish on time. Up until now, Hillary has proved to be a competent employee and has never failed to meet deadlines. How would you respond?

A. Work alongside Hillary to finish the task on time. She would appreciate the help and learn that she can ask for it.
B. Ask her to finish the task and stay longer if needed. It's important that she learns to finish her own tasks.
C. Work alongside Hillary to finish the task on time, so that she knows that her supervisor is familiar with the regular work as well.
D. Ask her to finish the task and stay longer if needed. It's your job to monitor your employee's performance, not to complete it for them.
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is A.

Best response: A
Core competency: building and maintaining relationships
Secondary competencies: responsibility for subordinates, integrity and reliability, flexibility and adaptability

This is a question about the chain of command and your relationship with your employees. We are told about a competent, reliable employee who doesn’t manage to finish her task on time due to difficulties in learning her task.

Notice that there are in fact only two options of actions in the answer choices, and every couple of answer choices that suggest the same action, differ in their rationalization. Therefore, when choosing your response, you should take both elements into consideration: action and rationalization.

Response A emphasizes your relationship with your employees: you want your employee to know she can ask for help and can rely on you (responsibility, reliability). Working alongside her is a good opportunity to see what went wrong, where were her difficulties and tutor her. Notice that this answer choice does not suggest that you do her work instead of her, but rather work together in a way that allows you to see what she is doing each step of the way and vice versa. She has a chance to watch and learn how you perform the task. This is the best response.

Response B emphasizes discipline; it reflects worry that Hillary would make it a habit not to finish her own tasks. Since we are told that she is usually independent and competent, you can feel comfortable that she won’t rely too much on your help next time, but rather would learn to inform you when something is not working and to ask for help. Moreover, this response is harmful since it could create the impression of punishment – in fact, Hillary was responsible enough to point out the problem in advance, therefore punishment is harsh and inappropriate.

Response C suggests an appropriate action, but its rationalization is flawed. Helping your employee is valuable for the sake of work progress, employee development and relationship with your employees. In this response, you help your employee for the sake of your ego and the impression you make on your employees. At the beginning of working with you, your employees probably believe you are familiar with their work. When you do notice that your employees feel otherwise, this implies a lack of trust and such a situation requires more thorough treatment.

Response D has a valid rationalization and in some positions, it’s possible that you won’t be able to work alongside your employees. However, since we are told about an exceptional situation and about an employee who is relatively new and still learning her job, leaving her with the problem seems inflexible.

 

Situational Judgement Test Sample Question #2

In your weekly meeting, your manager casually mentions that one of the customers told him about an error that was made by your team. This could have been a serious issue, but fortunately the customer noticed it in time and was able to fix it by himself.
What would you say to your manager?

A. "I'd like to speak to the customer and get more details. We're lucky that it ended well, but perhaps we should go over our regular procedures and see if some changes can be made."
B. "Good thing he noticed it in time. The team has been very loaded lately, and I think the pressure is starting to get to them. I think we should either hire more help or take some of the pressure off."
C. "Well, I don't know what happened there, but I'm glad it ended well. This sort of thing never happened before, I'm sure it's just a human error. I assure you it won't happen again."
D. "This is serious. Our customers shouldn't need to fix our errors. I assure you and I will look into the matter and find out who is responsible for this and discipline them."
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is A.

Best response: A
Core competencies: thoroughness, encouraging innovation and leading changes
Secondary competencies: responsibility, supervising and monitoring performance, flexibility and adaptability, encouraging employees' development

In this question, you are asked about your response to a situation in which you are informed that your team has made an error. There is no need for an immediate correction, but does it mean that nothing needs to be done?

In response A, you think ahead and aim to prevent the reoccurrence of such incidents. You don’t assume any reasons for the problem, but rather perform a thorough investigation, lead changes and adapt your regular procedures.

In response B you also seem to aim to prevent the reoccurrence of the problem, but here you assume the reason for it and seem to take advantage of the situation to push forward your goal to hire more help. You seem to blame the lack of staff instead of taking responsibility for the team’s errors.

Response C is very passive – since the current problem has been solved, you don’t see any reason to investigate it or make changes. This is not a responsible approach; you don’t supervise the performance of your team.

Response D is accusative towards your team. You decide to discipline an employee before you check what happened, and you prefer discipline instead of encouraging development.

 

Situational Judgement Test Sample Question #3

One of your team members is asking to meet with you. In the meeting, he says that he feels that the tasks you assigned him are harder than those you assigned other people, and that because of this he is constantly staying extra hours to meet your deadlines. What is your first response?

A. Explain to the employee that this probably happened because you value his work. He should be happy to be so valuable to the team.
B. Ask him what assignments he finds hard and how he is organizing his work to see if you can help him work more efficiently or if he lacks knowledge on specific subjects.
C. Say that you will take his complaint seriously and try to assign him fewer tasks in the future.
D. Ask him if he generally feels more stressed recently; maybe personal problems at home are affecting him.
D. Ask him if he generally feels more stressed recently; maybe personal problems at home are affecting him.
E. Tell him that hard work is part of the job, including working extra hours if you can't finish on time.
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct response is (B).

In this scenario, an employee complains about inequality in the way you treat your employees. In fact, you are asked about the way you handle personal criticism.

Suggesting that the employee’s problem is actually personal and asking him about problems at home (response D) is, first of all, rude. Asking your employees about their personal lives is controversial: some workplaces may consider it appropriate when it’s done emphatically and out of concern, others will frown upon it or forbid it. In this particular situation, however, your response is not emphatic and is disrespectful (respect for employees). In addition, this response lacks any responsibility for your actions and any consideration of the employee’s complaint. This response shows no ability to accept criticism. Therefore, this is not a good response.

Another response that doesn’t assume responsibility or consider the employee’s complaint is response E. You don’t encourage the employee to discuss matters that bother him with you and you send a bad message about your relationship with him. As a supervisor, you should aim to allow your employees the conditions they need to develop. This response, too, shows no ability to accept criticism.

A more positive response is response A – here you encourage your employee by telling him that he is valuable. This response is respectful and positive, yet there is no discussion here of the actual problem the employee is having. In fact, the situation remains the same for him. This response is better than responses D and E as it is more respectful. However, it is not as good as responses C and B as it doesn't attempt to offer any actual solution to the employee's problem.

Response C is more hopeful for the employee – you show him that turning to you was a good decision and agree to make actual changes to solve his problem. This response encourages development and demonstrates responsibility for your employees. However, in this response you agree with the employee’s complaint without checking the facts – you don’t maintain authority. Therefore, this response is not as good as response B.


In response B you open the issue for discussion with the employee with the goal of finding ways to help him solve the situation and develop his skills. This response would have been better if it said that you would check the legitimacy of the employee’s complaint (personal responsibility). However, of the given responses, this is the only one in which you open the matter for discussion and ask to hear more about the problem, which can allow you to make a decision about the legitimacy of the complaint and take action accordingly (change your behavior, teach or tutor the employee). Therefore, this is the best response.

 

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