New York State Firefighter Exam

To become a firefighter in NYS you must take one of two tests, depending on where you live. Both exams have an overall time allowance of 5 hours.

For all Municipalities except White Plains, Mt. Vernon and New Rochelle, your exam will cover four subject areas:

  • Using logical reasoning to draw valid conclusions: These questions test your ability to examine true statements and logically evaluate conclusions based on the information in the statements.
  • Advising and interacting with others: These questions test your ability to interact with other people, to gather and present information, and to provide assistance and advice in a courteous and professional manner.
  • Mechanical reasoning: These questions will be accompanied by drawings or descriptions of various mechanical devices, such as gears, pulleys, levers, hand tools, and gauges. You will be required to demonstrate an understanding of how the devices work and the underlying mechanical principles involved. These devices are not limited to use in the fire service.
  • Understanding and interpreting written material pertaining to fire: The questions in this sub-test test how well you comprehend written material. You will be provided with brief reading selections, followed by a set of alternative statements relating to each selection.

For White Plains, Mt. Vernon, and New Rochelle Only, your exam will cover five subject areas:

  • Mechanical reasoning: These questions will be accompanied by drawings or descriptions of various mechanical devices, such as gears, pulleys, levers, hand tools, and gauges. You will be required to demonstrate an understanding of how the devices work and the underlying mechanical principles involved. These devices are not limited to use in the fire service.
  • Understanding and interpreting written material pertaining to fire: The questions in this sub-test test how well you comprehend written material. You will be provided with brief reading selections, followed by a set of alternative statements relating to each selection.
  • Solving problems involving numbers: This sub-test requires you to use addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division to solve problems that might be encountered in fire service activities. In some of the questions, sketches of simple geometric figures may be shown or simple geometric terms used. The problems are presented in the context of the job. Knowledge of fire fighting is not required. Formulas or equations will be provided where required.
  • General science: This sub-test requires you to demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles of physics and chemistry, or the definitions of relevant terms, properties and processes; or to apply the knowledge to given situations. The questions cover, but are not necessarily limited to, properties of common substances encountered in fire fighting, basic principles of electricity, and basic principles of combustion and heat transfer.
  • Reasoning clearly and selecting a proper course of action in firefighting situations: The questions in this sub-test describe situations which you may encounter on the job. You must evaluate the situation and either select the most appropriate course of action or select the best reason in support of a particular course of action. The questions cover such areas as interpersonal factors related to dealing with other firefighters, superior officers or the general public. Specialized or detailed knowledge of firefighting is not required.

New York City Firefighter Exam

To become part of the FDNY you must take a written exam developed by PSI. The exam consists of Reading, Listening, Problem Solving and Basic Arithmetic. Learn more on the FDNY Written Exam here.


Prepare for the New York Firefighter Exams

We prepare you for New York state firefighter exams with our custom-made practice tests designed to make it feel like you are taking the actual exam. By practicing, you will become familiar with the type of questions found on NY firefighter tests to help you pass the exam. We also provide tips and explanations needed to improve your score. Try our Firefighter Premium Pack.


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